Brown, P. D. ; Badal, S. ; Morrison, S. ; Ragoobirsingh, D.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Acute impairment of insulin signalling by dexamethasone in primary cultured rat skeletal myocytes
Mol Cell Biochem
Date of Publication
In this study, we examined the cellular content of the insulin receptor substrate (IRS)-1, the levels of phosphorylated tyrosine (pY) and serine (pS) residues in IRS-1, and the glucose transporters GLUT-1 and GLUT-4 in primary cultured rat skeletal myocytes treated with the glucocorticoid, dexamethasone. Dexamethasone markedly increased basal and insulin-stimulated IRS-1 content 4 to 5-fold (p < 0.01). A similar level of increase was observed for IRS-1 pY content. However, dexamethasone treatment had no effect on IRS-1 pS content. Further, dexamethasone reduced the cellular content of GLUT-1 when insulin and glucose were absent (p < 0.05), but did not significantly affect the expression of GLUT-4 in the presence of insulin (p > 0.05). We conclude that dexamethasone treatment impairs insulin signalling by a mechanism independent of serine-phosphorylation-mediated IRS-1 depletion, or of impairment of GLUT-1 expression. Instead, dexamethasone-induced insulin resistance may be mediated via reduced cellular content of IRS-1 accompanied by parallel reduction in tyrosine phosphorylation in IRS-1.....