Gayle, F.; Lee, Michael G.; Hanchard, Barrie; Mills, Mike
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Steatohepatitis due to an antiretroviral therapy.
West Indian Medical Journal
Date of Publication
Jamaica has recorded the largest increase in the rate of HIV/AIDS infection in the English-speaking Caribbean since 1985. Treatment has significantly improved recently with approximately 50% availability of antiretrovirals (ARVs) to patients. The incidence of drug induced hepatotoxicity is not well known for most ARV drugs and few studies have assessed adverse drug effects in clinical practice. A patient with HIV on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) presented with a one year history of progressive abdominal distension. Abdominal examination revealed a 17 cm, smooth, non-tender liver with a rounded edge; 12 cm of which was below the right costal margin. Liver enzymes were grossly abnormal. The liver biopsy revealed parenchymal distortion by fibrosis with macrovesicular fatty change and Mallory's hyaline in keeping with steatohepatitis. Follow-up studies after discontinuation of stavudine revealed that the liver enzymes improved within four months. Physicians should be mindful of the hepatotoxic potential of ARVs and monitor liver enzymes in HIV-infected patients on therapy.....