Crawford, Tazhmoye; McGrowder, Donovan; Gardner, Michael; Gordon, Lorenzo
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Socio-economics and child-bearing characteristics of young adults in Jamaica
European Journal of Scientific Research
Date of Publication
In Jamaica the family usually provides its members with support, livelihood and security. The traditional Jamaican family has been undergoing a profound transformation which includes higher educational achievement among women, fewer adults getting married, more children born out of wed-lock and an increase in single-parent households headed by women. This paper investigates the socio-demographic and economic variables of young adults (20 – 35 years old) in Jamaica. As part of a survey, data on the sociodemographic and child-bearing characteristics was assessed using a 56-item questionnaire of 213 randomly selected young adults (from the 14 parishes in Jamaica) attending two major public hospitals. Data on the level of educational attainment indicate that the majority of the respondents (75.0% women and 66.4% men) had achieved secondary education, followed by tertiary education (23.9% women and 8.8% men). The difference in educational achievement between women and men was statistically significant (ƒÔ2 =27.89, p < 0.05). The majority of women were permanently employed (39.8%) followed by those temporarily employed (29.5%) and seasonally employed (13.6%). This in contrast to the men where a greater proportion was temporarily employed (46.4%), followed by permanently employed (25.6%) and seasonally employed (16.0%). The majority of the respondents who had 4 to 6 children were permanently employed (47.6%), and those with 7 – 9 children were among the temporarily (44.7%) and permanently employed groups (50.0%). Most of the respondents with children were educated at the secondary level, and the number of children produced varied with the frequency of sexual activity, except for those who had 7 - 9 children. The number of children produced by Jamaican young adults Socio-Economics and Child-Bearing Characteristics of Young Adults in Jamaica is high, although women are having fewer children than men. Individuals with more secured jobs, who had secondary and tertiary education, produced more children.....