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Publication Type
Journal Article
Author, Analytic
Dawkins, J. C.; Fletcher, H. M.; Rattray, C. A.; Reid, M.; Gordon-Strachan, G.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
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Article Title
Acute pyelonephritis in pregnancy: a retrospective descriptive hospital based-study
Medium Designator
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Connective Phrase
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Journal Title
ISRN Obstet Gynecol
Translated Title
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Reprint Status
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Date of Publication
2012
Volume ID
2012
Issue ID
519321
Page(s)
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Language
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Location/URL
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23213556
ISSN
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Notes
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Abstract
Introduction. Pyelonephritis is a common complication of pregnancy. It is also exacerbated by immunocompromised states and also the sickle cell gene. We reviewed this condition in Jamaican women. Method. We did a six year hospital database docket review. We found 102 confirmed cases. Results. Pyelonephritis was found in 0.7% of deliveries. The mean maternal age was 24 5.83 years with 51% primiparity. Most (58.8%) occurred in the second trimester. The main symptoms were loin pain (96.2%) and abdominal pain (84.6%). It was more common on the right side in 67% of cases. On urinalysis, 81.4% had pyuria. The commonest organism was Escherichia coli, in 61% of cases. Patients given Antibiotics prior to admission had quicker resolution, P < 0.02. Haemoglobin S was found in 16% cases (general population 10%; P = 0.002). However diabetes was only found in 1.3% cases (1.5% expected). 61.3% had positive urine culture after treatment showed that 61.3% and 25% had recurrent pyelonephritis. Complications included 32% threatened preterm labour and 17% preterm delivery. About 6% of neonates had intrauterine growth restriction. There were no ICU admissions and no deaths. Conclusion. Early recognition and treatment of pyelonephritis result in good outcome. The condition is more prevalent in patients with the sickle cell gene and recurrence is high.....
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