Foissner. W.; Wolf, K.W.; Yashchenko, V.; Stoeck, T.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Description of Leptopharynx bromelicola n. sp. and characterization of the genus Leptopharynx Mermod, 1914 (Protista, Ciliophora).
J. Eukaryot. Microbiol
Date of Publication
Using morphological, morphometrical, and molecular methods, we describe Leptopharynx bromelicola n. sp. from tank bromeliads of Jamaica. We add significant data to Leptopharynx costatus and briefly characterize and review the genus Leptopharynx Mermod, 1914, including four new combinations. Nine species can be distinguished when applying the following main features and assuming that most or all have the ability to produce macrostomes (MAs): distinct ridges along the right side ciliary rows; special features like spines or wings on the body and of the oral basket; dikinetids present vs. absent from somatic kinety 3; number of kinetids in kinety 6 as two for the costatus pattern and ? five for the bromelicola pattern; beginning and structure of kinety 9 as either underneath or far underneath the adoral membranelles and with or without dikinetids; postoral complex present vs. absent; and preoral kinety 4 continuous vs. discontinuous. The 18S rDNA sequences of L. bromelicola and L. costatus differ by 1.7% and show that Leptopharynx forms a distinct clade within the Nassophorea Small & Lynn, 1981. Leptopharynx bromelicola is possibly closely related to Leptopharynx euglenivora Kahl, 1926, which, however, lacks the basket nose so typical of the former. Leptopharynx forms thin-walled, non-kinetosome-resorbing resting cysts maintaining most of the trophic organelles.....