Cook, J; Hardie, R; Bailey, K; Tapper, M; Vickers, Ivan; Calder, Donovan; Lindo, John F
Author Affiliation, Ana.
Seroprevalence of human toxocariasis, Jamaica
Date of Publication
Seroprevalence of human toxocariasis was studied, based on 1544 samples selected from a total of 3524 submitted to the University of the West Indies in Kingston, Jamaica for diagnosis of dengue during an epidemic in 2010. The prevalence of anti-Toxocara IgG using the CELISA® (Cellabs) ELISA was 21.2% and males (24.4%) were significantly more likely to be exposed than females (17.5%) [?2=10.4; p=0.001]. No association was foundbetween exposure to Toxocara and area of residence (rural vs. urban) [?2=0.835; p=0.409]. Prevalence of infection peaked in adolescents (10-19 years-old) and declined thereafter although a rise in prevalence was seen in older age classes. There was a high prevalence of toxocariasis in Jamaica with significant exposure among school age children with no predilection to either sex. The study will inform future work on elucidating the public health and clinical significance of toxocariasis in Jamaica.....