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Publication Type
Journal Article
UWI Author(s)
Author, Analytic
Andrinopoulos, K; Kerrigan, D; Figueroa, J.Peter; Reese, R; Gaydos, C; Bennett, L; Bloomfield, B; Plunkett, L; Maru, C; Ellen, JM.
Author Affiliation, Ana.
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Article Title
Establishment of an HIV/sexually transmitted disease programme and prevalence of infection among incarcerated men in Jamaica.
Medium Designator
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Connective Phrase
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Journal Title
International Journal of STD and AIDS
Translated Title
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Reprint Status
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Date of Publication
2010
Volume ID
21
Issue ID
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Page(s)
114-119
Language
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Connective Phrase
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Location/URL
https:; www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20089997
ISSN
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Notes
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Abstract
The goal of this study is to describe the establishment of an HIV testing and treatment programme in the Jamaican correctional system and to estimate the prevalence of HIV/sexually transmitted disease (STD) among adult incarcerated men in this country. A demonstration project was implemented by the Jamaican Department of Correctional Services and Ministry of Health in the nation's largest correctional centre. All inmates were offered HIV and syphilis testing, and a subset was offered chlamydia, gonorrhoea and trichomoniasis testing. Cross-sectional data from the project were reviewed to determine the prevalence and correlates of HIV/STD. HIV test acceptance was 63% for voluntary testers (n = 1200). The prevalence of HIV was 3.3% (95% confidence interval [CI] 2.33-4.64) (n = 1017) and the prevalence syphilis was 0.7% (95% CI 0.29-1.49) (n = 967). Among the subset tested (n = 396) the prevalence of chlamydia was 2.5% (95% CI 1.22-4.49) and for trichomoniasis it was 1.8% (95% CI 0.01-3.60), but no cases of gonorrhoea were detected (n = 396). The prevalence of HIV was significantly higher at 25% (95% CI 13.64-39.60) for persons located in a separate section where individuals labelled as men who have sex with men (MSM) are separated. HIV/STD testing is important and feasible in Jamaica. A special focus should be placed on providing services to inmates labelled as MSM. Other Caribbean nations may also benefit from similar programmes.....
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